Reflections at Bukit Chandu

Reflections at Bukit Chandu

Uncover one of singapore’s most fascinating tales of heroism during World War II at Reflections at Bukit Chandu (RBC). Housed in a bungalow that bears art deco influences and dates back to the 1930s, this interpretive centre pays tribute to the Malay Regiment, who engaged in a heroic last stand against the Japanese army at the Battle of Pasir Panjang. First established in 2002, the centre was reopened in September 2021 with new artefacts, displays and exhibitions, giving visitors deeper insights into this tale of valour that continues to resound through the ages.

An ode to the brave:
Bukit Chandu, Malay for Opium Hill, was the site of some of the fiercest fighting during World War II, culminating in what was to become known as the Battle of Singapore. The RBC bungalow stands just a stone’s throw away from Point 226, the military position where 1,400 men of the Malay Regiment made their last stand against the 13,000-strong Imperial Japanese Army on 14 February 1942. Led by Lieutenant Adnan Saidi, men of the “C” Company of the 1st Malay Brigade held their ground despite being heavily outnumbered, and fought to their deaths. In the aftermath of the battle, many of the regiment’s troopers were killed for refusing to remove their uniforms, embodying their regimental motto ‘Ta’at Setia’ (brave and true). Lieutenant Adnan Saidi was posthumously recognised for his bravery by the British government and his heroic contingent were remembered for their sacrifices while defending Singapore.

History and heroism:
As you explore Reflections of Bukit Chandu, you’ll find various insights into the lives of these brave soldiers, who fought for a home that had not yet been forged into a nation. As you enter the centre, you’ll be greeted by a sculpture depicting a mortar crew of the Malay Regiment, a tribute to their bravery. On the first floor of the interpretive centre, you’ll find Bukit Chandu: Battle Point 226. Comprising three sections, this exhibition covers the origins and equipment of the Malay Regiment, their acts of heroism during the Battle of Pasir Panjang, and their valour during the aftermath of the battle. The exhibition houses various artefacts from that tumultuous era, including bullets from the battle, footage of Lieutenant Adnan during a ceremonial parade, and bullet casings which were recovered during an excavation in 2019. The second floor of the interpretive centre houses galleries that tell the history of Bukit Chandu and its surroundings during the more peaceful period predating the war, including its history as an opium packing plant and the pineapple plantations that dotted the vicinity.

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Access and admission:
For smooth and contactless entry, visitors are encouraged to pre-book their admission tickets via the museum website or chatbot. Admission is free for Singapore Citizens and Permanent Residents (please present your NRIC before entry). To support the space, be sure to browse the full range of specially-designed MUSEUM LABEL merchandise, inspired by the museum’s collection.

Reflections at Bukit Chandu is a significant historical site in Singapore that commemorates the bravery and sacrifices of the Malay Regiment during World War II. The centre provides a comprehensive and immersive experience for visitors to learn about the Battle of Pasir Panjang and the heroism displayed by the Malay Regiment.

The bungalow that houses Reflections at Bukit Chandu is a historical landmark in itself. Built in the 1930s, it showcases art deco influences and serves as a fitting backdrop for the exhibits and displays within. The reopening of the centre in September 2021 brings new artefacts, displays, and exhibitions, enhancing the visitor experience and providing deeper insights into the events that took place during the Battle of Pasir Panjang.

The Battle of Pasir Panjang, also known as the Battle of Singapore, was a critical moment in Singapore’s history. The Malay Regiment, comprising 1,400 men, made a valiant last stand against the overwhelming Japanese army on 14 February 1942. Led by Lieutenant Adnan Saidi, the “C” Company of the 1st Malay Brigade fought bravely despite being heavily outnumbered. Their determination and sacrifice embodied the spirit of the regiment’s motto, ‘Ta’at Setia,’ meaning brave and true.

The aftermath of the battle saw many of the regiment’s troopers killed for refusing to remove their uniforms. Lieutenant Adnan Saidi was posthumously recognised for his bravery by the British government, and the sacrifices made by the Malay Regiment were remembered as they defended Singapore. The heroism displayed by these brave soldiers is an integral part of Singapore’s history and a testament to the indomitable spirit of its people.

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Reflections at Bukit Chandu offers visitors a unique opportunity to delve into the lives of the Malay Regiment and gain a deeper understanding of the events that unfolded during the Battle of Pasir Panjang. The centre features a sculpture depicting a mortar crew of the Malay Regiment, serving as a poignant reminder of their bravery. The exhibition on the first floor, titled ‘Bukit Chandu: Battle Point 226,’ explores the origins and equipment of the Malay Regiment, their acts of heroism during the battle, and their courage in the aftermath.

The artefacts displayed in the exhibition provide a tangible connection to the past. Visitors can see bullets from the battle, footage of Lieutenant Adnan during a ceremonial parade, and bullet casings recovered during an excavation in 2019. These items serve as reminders of the sacrifices made by the Malay Regiment and bring the history of the Battle of Pasir Panjang to life.

The second floor of Reflections at Bukit Chandu houses galleries that showcase the history of Bukit Chandu and its surroundings before the war. Visitors can learn about the area’s past as an opium packing plant and the pineapple plantations that once dotted the vicinity. This section provides a broader context to the events that took place during World War II and offers insights into the pre-war era of Singapore.

To ensure a smooth and contactless experience, visitors are encouraged to pre-book their admission tickets through the museum website or chatbot. Admission is free for Singapore Citizens and Permanent Residents, and a valid NRIC must be presented before entry. By pre-booking tickets, visitors can enjoy a hassle-free visit to Reflections at Bukit Chandu and make the most of their time exploring the exhibits.

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In addition to exploring the exhibits, visitors can support Reflections at Bukit Chandu by browsing the range of specially-designed MUSEUM LABEL merchandise. Inspired by the museum’s collection, these unique items serve as souvenirs and mementos of the visit. By purchasing these products, visitors contribute to the preservation and maintenance of Reflections at Bukit Chandu, ensuring that future generations can continue to learn about the heroism and sacrifices of the Malay Regiment.

In conclusion, Reflections at Bukit Chandu offers a captivating and informative experience for visitors interested in Singapore’s history during World War II. The centre’s reopening in September 2021 brings new artefacts, displays, and exhibitions, providing deeper insights into the bravery and sacrifices of the Malay Regiment. By exploring the exhibits and learning about the Battle of Pasir Panjang, visitors can gain a greater appreciation for Singapore’s heritage and the individuals who played a crucial role in defending the nation.

Address And Location:


31-K Pepys Road, Singapore 118458

  • Operating Hours

    9.30am to 5pm (Tuesdays to Sundays)
    Closed every Monday except Public Holidays
    Last admission at 4.30pm


  • 31-K Pepys Road, Singapore 118458

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