Hajjah Fatimah Mosque

Hajjah Fatimah Mosque

Hajjah Fatimah Mosque: A Symbol of Women’s Contribution in singapore‘s History

It is not common to come across a mosque that is named after a woman. However, Hajjah Fatimah Mosque in Singapore breaks this tradition. The mosque takes its name from Hajjah Fatimah Sulaiman, a prominent businesswoman in the 19th century. She made a significant contribution to the development of the mosque by donating the land on which it is built. This act of generosity not only reflects her deep devotion to her faith but also highlights the role that women have played in shaping Singapore’s history.

The history of Hajjah Fatimah Mosque dates back to the time when it was known as the site of her former house. However, after two robberies and a fire, Hajjah Fatimah decided to donate her land for the construction of a mosque. This decision showcased her resilience and determination to contribute to the Muslim community in Singapore. Despite the personal setbacks she faced, Hajjah Fatimah’s dedication to her faith and the well-being of her community remained unwavering.

One of the most fascinating aspects of Hajjah Fatimah Mosque is its architectural design, which is a fusion of Eastern and Western influences. Designed by an unknown Englishman, the mosque showcases a unique blend of European, Malay, and Chinese architectural elements. The onion-shaped dome and the ablution area, resembling a traditional Malay house with intricate Malay-Muslim wood carvings, reflect the Malay influence on the mosque’s design.

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Upon closer inspection, you will notice Chinese glazed porcelain tiles adorning the parapet grilles on the windows, the minaret tower, and the top walls of the roof parapet. These tiles demonstrate the influence of Chinese craftsmanship on the mosque’s architecture. However, it is the minaret that captures the most attention. With its three-tiered structure, featuring two octagonal towers and an elongated pyramid, the minaret bears a striking resemblance to the Neoclassical spires of the first St Andrew’s Church in Singapore.

Hajjah Fatimah Mosque’s minaret has gained a reputation for being the “Leaning Tower” of Singapore. Over the years, due to its sandy foundation, the minaret has started to tilt towards the dome at an angle of approximately six degrees off center. Despite preservation efforts to prevent further tilting, the inclination is still visible to this day. Visitors are often delighted by this unique feature, which has earned the mosque the nickname of Singapore’s own version of the Leaning Tower of Pisa.

The presence of European architectural elements further adds to the mosque’s charm. Pilasters with Doric capitals adorn the minaret tower, while lancet-shaped doorways, bays, and windows reflect European influences on the mosque’s design. These architectural elements serve as a testament to the cosmopolitan nature of Singapore, where different cultures and architectural styles coexist harmoniously.

Hajjah Fatimah Mosque stands as a symbol of the contributions made by women in Singapore’s history. Hajjah Fatimah Sulaiman’s generosity and dedication to her faith have left a lasting impact on the Muslim community. Her decision to donate her land for the construction of the mosque not only provided a place of worship but also contributed to the cultural and architectural diversity of Singapore.

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In a society where women’s contributions have often been overlooked or undervalued, the existence of a mosque named after a woman serves as a reminder of the vital role women have played in shaping Singapore’s history. It highlights the resilience and determination of women like Hajjah Fatimah, whose contributions have left an indelible mark on Singaporean society.

Hajjah Fatimah Mosque continues to be a place of worship and a symbol of Singapore’s multiculturalism. It stands as a testament to the rich heritage and diverse architectural influences that have shaped the country’s landscape. As visitors step into the mosque, they are not only greeted by its beautiful architecture but also by the spirit of inclusivity and unity that it represents.

In conclusion, Hajjah Fatimah Mosque is a significant landmark in Singapore that pays tribute to the contributions of women in the country’s history. Named after Hajjah Fatimah Sulaiman, a prominent businesswoman, the mosque stands as a testament to her generosity and devotion to her faith. Its unique architectural design, blending Eastern and Western influences, showcases the multicultural nature of Singapore. Despite its “Leaning Tower” status, the mosque continues to be a revered place of worship and a symbol of Singapore’s diverse cultural heritage.

Address And Location:


4001 Beach Road, Singapore 199584

  • Operating Hours

    Daily 9am–9pm


  • 4001 Beach Road, Singapore 199584

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